Pigment type : Inorganisch, Earth, synthetic
Chemical Name: Iron oxide
Colour Index Name: PR 101
Colour Index Nummer: 77491
Additional product information
3 days - without drier
The drying time depends on temperature, humidity, aeration, and the thickness of the paint coat.
Terra Ercolano is a very beautiful, bright red burnt earth from Tuscany. It is a little more orange and intense than Pompeiian red.
In landscape painting such glazing earth colors often achieve more depth.
History In ancient Rome it was called Sinopia (due to the city Synope), where it according to Pliny has been found for the first time.
In Pompeii and the surrounding area, including the city of Herculaneum (hence the name Ercolano), there are several examples of murals, in which this inorganic pigment was used.
It is also under the name of Pozzuoli, English red, hematite or red earth of Verona known.
Pompeian or Herculaneische decorations in a house:
First houses were decorated with cinnabar, but due to the high production costs, the use was very limited.
Since Cinnabar also contains significant amounts of mercury and therefore is harmful to health, the color has been replaced gradually by red ocher, red Mars and the Red Pozzuoli (or Ercolano); The latter two are mixtures of oxides and hydroxides of iron (including the hematite).